In the first half of the 14th century, a merchant ship arrived at the roadstead of Tallinn. Obviously, it was not the only one but, unlike many others, we know rather a lot about it. Apparently, this vessel was struck by a violent storm. This caused the ship to sink or run aground. Now the ship and the finds it contained are exhibited at the museum, giving a good overview of medieval shipbuilding and freight transport.
This ship is a cog – one of the main types of merchant ship used in the Middle Ages. Such pot-bellied single-masted vessels sailed between the ports of the North and Baltic Seas, connecting countries, cities and peoples. Trading boosted the spread of ideas, languages, skills and work techniques and resulted in the formation of a network of merchant towns, known as the Hanseatic League.
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